By default, credentials such as RADIUS or TACACS authentication keys, are stored separately from the switch configuration, and are not shown when saved or running configurations are displayed or copied using TFTP or SSH. You can change this behavior using the include-credentials command. This clearly seems to be a security issue, because the displays credentials are unencrypted. You can check the current status using show include-credentials. HP Switch(config)# show include-credentials Stored in Configuration : Yes Enabled in Active Configuration : Yes Include ClearPass Keys : No If you want to encrypt these credentials, you can use the encrypt-credentials command.
Many of you might know Pi-hole and use it for blocking ADs. I also used it for a long time in my homenetwork, running it on a Raspberry Pi. A customer of mine then drew my attention to dnsforge.de. What is dnsforge.de? dnsforge.de is a censorship-free, secure and redundant DNS resolver without logging, but with an ad blocker. The server are hosted in Germany. dnsforge.de also offers clean.dnsforge.de, which offers parental control blocklists and Safe Search for search engines and YouTube.
Scrolling through my Twitter timeline is a common task to start my day. This morning, a tweet from @BleepinComputer has caught my attention. Microsoft rolls back decision to block Office macros by default - @sergheihttps://t.co/9BK0slNuEw — BleepingComputer (@BleepinComputer) July 7, 2022 My first reaction: WHAT. THE. FUCK?! Microsoft added this as feature 88883 in februrary 2022 to the Microsoft 365 roadmap, and I was pretty happy about this feature. Let’s take a look at this change.
A customer used PRTG Network Monitor to notify him in case of account lockouts. This worked quite well until we implemented Admin Tiering. In order to get a mail notification in case of an account lockout, or other security-relevant events in Active Directory, I customized some scripts from my PowerShell dump. The solution is pretty simple: I used the Task Planner to run a PowerShell script if a specific event id occurs.
Yesterday, I passed the first exam of the year. In this case the WatchGuards Network Security Essentials exam. The exam covers basic networking and firewalling skills, as well as the necessary knowledge to configure, manage, and monitor a WatchGuard Firebox. If you were familier with networking and firewalls in general, this exam is a “low hanging fruit”. I had to take it due to partner conditions. WatchGuards offers a pretty good study guide for this exam which you can get for free.
Using a password safe, or password management system, is not a best practice - it’s a common practice. I’m using KeePass for years, because it’s available for different platforms, it can be used offline, it is Open Source, and it is not bound to any cloud services. Keepass allows me securely store usernames, passwords, recovery codes etc. for different services and websites, and together with features like autotype, Keepass offers a plus security and convenience.
Yesterday, I got one of these mails from a customer that make you think “Ehm, no”. Can you please enable the TPM on all VMs. The customer The short answer is “Ehm, no!”. But I’m a kind guy, so I added some explanation to my answer. Let’s add some context around this topic. The Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is a cryptoprocessor that offers various functions. For example, BitLocker uses the TPM to protect encryption keys.
Implementing a public key infrastructure (PKI) is a recurring task for me. More and more customers tend to implement a PKI in their environment. Mostly not to increase security, rather then to get rid of browser warnings because of self-signed certificates, to secure intra-org email communication with S/MIME, or to sign Microsoft Office macros. What is a 2-tier PKI? Why is a multi-tier PKI hierarchy a good idea? Such a hierarchy typically consits of a root Certificate Authority (CA), and an issuing CA.
In May 2018, Citrix released their new Citrix Certified Expert - Networking certification, which completet the networking certification path at the upper end (blog post on training.citrix.com). The track starts with the Associate (CCA-N), the lower-level certification is a requirement for achieving the higher-level certification, continues with the Professional (CCP-N), and ends with the Expert (CCE-N) certification. This is pretty cool, and I’m very happy that Citrix now offers the CCE-N, because the expert-level certification was missing all the time.
A customer is running their PCs behind their VoIP phones. Nothing unusual, most VoIP phones I know have an embedded ethernet switch, so that you only need one cable to connect PC and VoIP phone to your network. As part of a network security project, my colleague and I implemented IEEE 802.1X port-based Network access control at one of our customers networks. The setup consists of multiple Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise OmniSwitches (6450-P10 and 6860/E) and Aruba ClearPass.